English Literary Terms at a Glance

English Literature

English Literary Terms at a Glance:

1.   Jargon: obscure and often pretentious language marked by circumlocutions and long words.

2.   “Lyrical Ballads” is jointly written by William Wordsworth and S. T. Coleridge in 1798.

3.   “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” is based on Coleridge’s friend’s dream. Keats died of tuberculosis.

4.   Romanticism is mainly connected with of Love and beauty.

5.   William Blake is known both a poet and a painter ‘Hasting day’ in “To Daffodils” means hurriedly passing day.

6.   ‘A Tale of Two Cities’ refers to the cities of London and Paris.

7.   The greatest modern English Dramatist is G. B. Shaw.

8.   ‘Things Fall Apart’ was written by Chinua Achebe.

9.   Samuel Johnson wrote first English Dictionary (published – 1755). William Wordsworth was a poet of nature.

10.   Helen of Troy was  wife of Menelaus.

11.   John Keats is primarily a poet of Beauty. T. S. Eliot was born in the USA but settled in England.

12.   George Bernard Shaw is a Playwright. Leo Tolstoy is a Russian novelist.

13.   Jonathan Swift is a famous satirist in English literature. W. B. Yeats translated the “Gitanzali” into English.

14.   ‘Naksi Kanthar Maat’ was translated into English by E. M. Milfold.

15   Homer was a Greek epic poet. Homer was a blind poet.

16.   Famous three Greek Dramatist – Sophocles, Euripides, Aeschylus.

17.   Beowulf (Beowulf was one of the first long poem in English) Anglo Saxon Period is called Old English Period

18.   Chaucer is the representative poet of 14th century.

19.   ‘Renaissance’ means the revival of learning.

20.   The beginning of the Renaissance may be traced to the city of Florence.

21.   Renaissance is an Italian word.

22.   Renaissance starts from Italy.

23.   The main feature of the Renaissance is Humanism.

24.   Shakespeare is known mostly for his Plays/dramas.

25.   Elizabethan Period is called Golden Age.

26.   Alliteration: the repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words or syllables.

27.   Aphorism : a concise statement of a principle.

28.   Ballad : a narrative composition in rhythmic verse suitable for singing.

29.   Blank verse: unrhymed verse.

30.   Blue print: a detailed plan or program of action.

31.   Canto: one of the major divisions of a long poem.

32.   Caricature: exaggeration by means of often ludicrous distortion of parts or characteristics.

33.   Catastrophe: the final event of the dramatic action especially of a tragedy.

34.   Climax: the point of highest dramatic tension or a major turning point in the action.

35.   Conceit: favorable opinion/ a fanciful idea.

36.   Dirge: a song or hymn of grief or lamentation.

37.   Elegy: a song or poem expressing sorrow or lamentation especially for one who is dead.

38.   Epic: extending beyond the usual or ordinary especially in size or scope.

39.   Epilogue: the final scene of a play that comments on or summarizes the main action.

40.   Epitaph: an inscription on or at a tomb or a grave in memory of the one buried there.

41.   Eulogy: a commendatory oration or writing especially in honor of one deceased.

42.   Euphemism: the substitution of a mild, indirect, or vague expression for one thought to be offensive, harsh, or blunt.

43.   Fairy tale: a story (as for children) involving fantastic forces and beings.

44.   Lampoon: a harsh satire usually directed against an individual.

45.   Genre: painting that depicts scenes or events from everyday life usually realistically.

46.   Hymn: a song of praise to God/ a song of praise or joy.

47.   Hyperbole: an extravagant statement or figure of speech not intended to be taken literally.

48.   Idyll: a narrative poem treating an epic, romantic, or tragic theme.

49   Irony: the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning.

50.  Elizabethan tragedy is centered on revenge.


History of English Literature (Age/Period)

The old English Period or The Anglo-Saxon Period: 450-1066.

The Middle English Period: 1066-1500


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